Who likes "Chinese", surely you have noticed that black gelatinous slightly crunchy weirdness that is found in just about every other Chinese meal. It is the ear of Judas, the traditional delicacy of Chinese cuisine, the necessary ingredient of many Asian dishes .. but also provide a cure ..
The specific name of this fungus comes from the legend that was first found in a tree on which Judas hanged himself biblical. In China, however, this mushroom known and used at least 300 years BC Our previously used name Boltcovitka Bezová probably best describes how the shape and the most common occurrence of this fungus .. really looks like a human ear lobe, how to look and feel. Fruiting body has a gelatinous consistency and its surface resembles a human touch to the skin. Color mushrooms, depending on weather conditions and light to dark brown, sometimes with reddish hues, then after drying black.
Ear fungus grows in our country mainly on dead and broken trunks and branches of elder, it can be found, however, such as beech, willow, and other deciduous trees. Neználky first meeting with Judas ear is often astonishing .. First you have an idea what it actually on that branch is .. first touch is often followed ucuknutím hand, because this fungus is really alive. With its almost unmistakable shape but the mushrooms quickly learn to recognize. Their growth needs enough moisture, drought and heat does not indicate it is one of the few mushrooms that we normally find in winter. Although can occur throughout the year, but from my own experience I know that a wet autumn and mild winter is the right time to go on the hunt.
Judas ear and his medicinal properties
As already mentioned above, the tradition of using Judas ear goes back to ancient China. There was not only a popular delicacy of Chinese cuisine and ingredients, but gradually came to its medicinal effects.
First, the sponge is used for lining the eyes and throat inflammations. Later, it even started to produce anti-wrinkle creams. Ancient Chinese used also Judas ear to treat hemorrhoids, which was later taken and Western healing. It is applied also in case of problems with the stomach and abdominal pain and stomach.
Substances it contains help to reduce high blood pressure, purifies the blood and is used to prevent arteriosclerosis, thrombosis and stroke.
Fungus ear is also prescribed as a stimulant of immunity of human body. Acts as prevention against disease, but it is also suitable as an aid to recovery from illness or other physical stress (eg after childbirth).
Fungus ear contains a number of minerals such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and sodium. You and other ingredients help to support the aforementioned defenses of the body, but also improve the quality of hair, nails and skin, and positively influence the function of internal organs. We find in him and antioxidants - substances absorbing free radicals - thus helping us with the overall cleaning of the body.
Judas ear in the kitchen
Who likes "Chinese", surely you have noticed that black gelatinous slightly crunchy weirdness that is found in just about every other Chinese meal. It is the ear of Judas, the traditional delicacy of Chinese cuisine, the necessary ingredient of many Asian dishes .. adds not only to the cooked meat and vegetable entrees, we find it for example in classical Chinese cabbage salad, in traditional Asian soups and the like.
We do not just cook Chinese food to Judas ear applied in the kitchen. Personally, I often use it in soups (preferably the goulash soup, garlic soup, potato soup, etc.) into the risotto, it has been boiled into different salads, but due to the very strong mushroom flavor it can be added to foods according to your own taste and imagination.
How to proceed in the treatment of Judas's ear
If we are going to handle the fresh fruiting body, preferably after cleaning simmer 10 to 20 minutes in the water, and then cut into smaller pieces and add to food. (Commonly used heaped handful of fresh fruiting bodies of 2 servings of food) Water, in which we cooked mushrooms, but nevyléváme - contains many medicinal substances. We sweeten her drink as a tea or added to soups or as sauce.
Dried ear of Judas can now quite common to buy in shops (sometimes called 'black Chinese mushroom'), or use your own nasušené supplies. When dosing dried mushrooms should be careful about, after cooking severalfold gaining in volume. Soak mushrooms in water for at least 1-2 hours before modifying your own meals, then cook for 20 minutes and cut into smaller pieces. Fused water can be reused as a medicinal tea or added to soups and sauces.
References: Medicinal Mushrooms by Paul herbalist
The author Judas ear is healing delicacy: Michaela Vorlová